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Babyrousa celebensis

Did you know?

  • Little is known about the natural history of the babirusa due to the difficulty of observing it in its thick jungle habitat.
  • This shy pig lives in groups of five to 15 animals.
  • The translation of “babi-rusa” is “pig-deer” – a good fit considering its tusks closely resemble antlers.
  • Like other pig species, babirusas practice a social system in which males fight with other males over the right to breed with females.
  • Females do have tusks, but they are much smaller than those of males.


The most striking feature of a babirusa is its face. Besides being armed with a pair of slashing lower tusks, males also have an impressive pair of upper tusks that erupt through the top of the snout and curve back toward the eyes. These upper canines almost resemble antlers rather than teeth.

Unique Pigs

Babirusa are the exception to many "pig rules." Their litter size is generally small; usually only numbering one to two unstriped offspring per litter. They have a more complex two-chambered stomach, more like cows and goats, than other pig species. They also have little to no hair on their drab brown bodies.

Threat Level

  • Unknown
  • Common
  • Near Threatened
  • Threatened
  • Endangered
  • Critically Endangered
  • Extinct in the Wild


The Babirusa faces a high risk of extinction in the wild.


Indonesian Island of Sulawesi


Swamps and forests around rivers and lakes

We care about babirusas

These animals are declining in the wild due to habitat destruction and over-hunting. The Saint Louis Zoo supports Action Indonesia, a conservation program that works to save babirusa, banteng and anoa in their native Indonesian habitats. Learn more about how we are helping wildlife around the world.

Dedicated to Conservation

Find this animal in Red Rocks


Red Rocks

At Red Rocks, you’ll view some of the world’s most powerful predators living near some of the world’s most graceful prey. Lions, tigers, zebra and giraffes all share the natural rocky boulders and outcroppings as their territory. With shading trees and a bird or two among the mammals, Red Rocks is a great place to spend a day at the Saint Louis Zoo.

Explore Red Rocks